Polish universities in the lead of the scientific publications gender diversity ranking
The Medical University of Lublin leads, and the University of Gdańsk and the Poznań University of Medical Sciences are in the top 10 of the ranking of the share of female authorships of scientific publications at universities around the world, according to Nature Communications.
Tadeusz Sendzimir (1894–1989) – Saying 'Goodbye' to Rusty Cars
After the Second World War, politicians and media of the Polish People’s Republic would not even mention his name. Most Poles were unaware that this great inventor ever existed. But he had a long life, as if in defiance of the communist authorities, even though most of it abroad.
Seven medals for Polish inventors at the invention exhibition in Moscow
Polish engineers and scientists brought six gold medals and one silver medal from the 22nd Moscow International Inventions and Innovative Technology Salon ARCHIMEDES 2019.
Marian Rejewski, Henryk Zygalski, Jerzy Różycki – Polish Enigma Codebreakers
During the Second World War, the Allies won the “information warfare” thanks to Polish cryptologists, who cracked the Enigma code. Over the last forty years, several monographs offered insight into the behind-the-scenes of cracking the Enigma codes. Some of the English-language works upfront ignore the key role of Polish cryptologists in this process.
Stanisław Nowkuński (1903–1936) – Had he not slipped…
30 July 1936. The beautiful but unpredictable Tatra Mountains have once again shown their might. This time, it was Stanisław Nowkuński, the most talented Polish aircraft engine designer, who lost his life in the mountains. His life was abruptly ended after a fall from Cierny Stit in the Jaworowa Valley.
Jan Szczepanik (1872–1926) – a Self-taught Technician Dubbed the Polish Edison
In publications describing his life and work, Jan Szczepanik was dubbed “the Polish Edison,” “the Austrian Edison,” “the Leonardo da Vinci from Galicia,” and “the Genius from Galicia.” His groundbreaking inventions were ahead of their time, which frequently made them difficult to implement for technological and financial reasons.
Jan Czochralski (1885–1953) – Famous Inventor of Rhinitis Medicine
Kcynia near Bydgoszcz was the birthplace of a Pole whose achievements would revolutionise the modern-day electronic industry. The man himself did not suspect what a great impact he would have on industrial development.
Stanisław Kierbedź (1810–1899) – less famous than his bridge
Warsaw was not lucky when it came to bridges. The first crossing, built at the times of King Sigismund II Augustus, linked the banks of the Vistula for thirty years before languidly drifting away with spring ice floe. All that was left was the Bridge Street, which, however, has not led to any bridge for four centuries. In the 16th century people were proud of that bridge, just as they were ashamed that they no longer had one in mid-19th century. The Kierbedź Bridge, named after its constructor, changed this.
"Dragon glass" in the territories of present-day Poland was already known over 20 thousand years ago
Obsidian, popularized as "dragon glass" in Game of Thrones, was believed to have miraculous properties. This shiny rock in the form of volcanic glass always attracted interest. In the lands of present-day Poland, it appeared as early as 20,000 years ago.
Józef Kosacki (1909–1990) – Inventor of a mine detector
The first years of World War Two brought the scourge of many military and civilian casualties on minefields. The fight for human life prompted the invention of an electric mine detector, which was designed by Lieut. Józef Kosacki, an engineer. However, the identity of the creator of the device that saved thousands of human lives was kept secret for years.
Mieczysław Bekker (1905–1989) – fly me to the Moon
He gained international fame and recognition thanks to the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV), which American astronauts drove on the Moon. Mieczysław Bekker, while working for General Motors, headed a team of constructors who were commissioned by NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration) to design and build the LRV. Bekker designed the vehicle’s chassis.
Rudolf Modrzejewski (1861–1940) – building bridges
An average American found his surname impossible to pronounce. To get around this problem, he would always introduce himself as Ralph Modjeski. Even so, this famous constructor never denied being Polish, and always signed his letters home with his real name.